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Search EMMA and PCMA reports and related case studies

Browse our library of reports and case studies by country, market system or report type. Though the PCMA approach was only formally named as such in 2014, quite a few EMMA studies from earlier years were essentially early PCMAs. The reports in this library are therefore categorized “pre-crisis” if they are focused on developing market baselines and/or preparing for anticipated crises, and they are categorized “post-crisis” if they are primarily focused on responding to a recent or ongoing emergency.

Displaying 1 - 10 of 110

Jamshoro, Umerkot and Tharparkar districts of Sindh Province
December, 2016

The Pre-Crisis Market Analysis (PCMA) was conducted in the Jamshoro, Umerkot, and Tharparkar districts of Sindh, Pakistan in late 2016. The three districts studied contain different livelihoods zones and bear different levels of risk for chronic drought and sudden-onset emergency, affecting the markets for goats, fodder, and water. While the study looked at the goat and wheat flour market systems, this report focuses on the wheat flour market only. The report recommends striking a balance between meeting basic needs in emergency response, and mitigation and longer-term development and resilience efforts. Specifically, it recommends conducting targeting and needs assessment exercises, investing in school feeding programs, expanding the fortification of wheat flour and improving the regulation of wheat flour quality.

Report authors: 
not specified
Download Report (3.29 MB pdf)

Penjaringan and Kampung Melayu Village, Jakarta Province, Indonesia
December, 2016

Jakarta is highly flood prone and experiences both moderate and severe floods on a regular basis. This pre-crisis market analysis was carried out to identify market response activities to help complement existing flood contingency plans. It focused on two intrinsically connected market systems, those for water supply and latrines. The report makes a number of recommendations for immediate risk mitigation, emergency preparedness and response and resilience building.

Report authors: 
WASH & Market Team - Oxfam in Indonesia
Download Report (922.89 KB pdf)

Stoneridge, Hopely, Caledonia, Mabvuku-Tafarm, Dzivarasekwa, Kuwadzana
December, 2016

This report presents the summary findings of a Pre-Crisis Market Analysis (PCMA) carried out from June to September 2016 in Harare as part of a global programme funded by OFDA/USAID to understand how PCMA can be used to inform improved WASH emergency preparedness, response and resilience programming in complex urban environments. The summary seeks to pull together a city-level view of the WASH system based on the assessment, drawing out key commonalities and differences in the localities and presenting recommendations for emergency preparedness, response and resilience programming.

Report authors: 
Parvin Ngala and Katie Whitehouse
Download Report (2.27 MB pdf)

Tikapur & Rajapur areas, Karnali River Basin
December, 2016

The Global Zurich Flood Resilience Programme seeks to understand the role played by market systems in building resilience to floods. Within the project's outcome 2, “The impact of floods on market systems will be assessed, and strategies will be put in place to reduce market system vulnerability.” Specifically, this PCMA intended to explore the actual and potential roles that local and global markets have in building or undermining the resilience of the communities and to identify applicable interventions in the project areas of the Zurich Flood Resilience Programme in Nepal.

Report authors: 
Noémie de La Brosse, Al Cunningham
Download Report (1.67 MB pdf)

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Almost seven years of violent conflict in the Lake Chad Basin region of West Africa – involving Boko Haram and military operations to counter them – has led to a devastating humanitarian crisis.

Report authors: 
Corrie Sissons and Clotilde Lappartient
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Le conflit violent qui sévit en raison des actions de Boko Haram et les opérations militaires lancées pour le combattre ont entraîné une crise humanitaire aux effets dévastateurs dans la région du bassin du lac Tchad en Afrique de l’Ouest.

Report authors: 
Corrie Sissons and Clotilde Lappartient
Download Report (4.99 MB pdf)

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Jamshoro, Umerkot and Tharparkar districts of Sindh Province
December, 2016

The Pre-Crisis Market Analysis (PCMA) was conducted in the Jamshoro, Umerkot, and Tharparkar districts of Sindh, Pakistan in late 2016. The three districts studied contain different livelihoods zones and bear different levels of risk for chronic drought and sudden-onset emergency, affecting the markets for goats, fodder, and water. While the study looked at the goat and wheat flour market systems, this report focuses on the goat market only. While the goat market functions well in normal times, it has been severely disrupted by the drought conditions of the past few years. The report concludes that longer-term programming is required to increase resilience, but also makes recommendations for shorter-term efforts around targeting, sensitization and pursuing low-tech solutions to strengthening pastoralist resilience.

Report authors: 
not specified
Download Report (3.73 MB pdf)

AN ANALYSIS OF THE IRON SHEETING MARKET IN SOUTH AND GRAND’ANSE DEPARTMENTS
November, 2016

Hurricane Matthew struck the southern peninsula of Haiti in October 2016, killing 900 and leaving 750,000 others in need of urgent assistance. Catholic Relief Services conducted an Emergency Market Mapping and Analysis in eight communes in the South and Grand’Anse departments to assess the feasibility of a market-based shelter response. The study finds that the local market can technically meet the demand of the most vulnerable, but quality CGI is not available and the target group would not be able to afford it if it were. The report makes the following recommendations for the shelter response in Haiti: “Build Back Better” training for the targeted community;combined local and regional procurement (LRP) and conditional commodity e-vouchers (CGI and other construction inputs) with a network of midlevel wholesalers to reach the target population in a cost effective manner; in very limited cases, LRP with direct distribution of quality CGI and other construction inputs; Cash-for-Work to rehabilitate markets and access roads, and to enable entire communities to have better market access more quickly; advocating for a better business environment and coordinating with traditional and non-traditional Shelter and NFI working group participants in order to “build back better;" and price monitoring and protection mainstreaming to make sure we do no harm to people and markets.

Report authors: 
William Martin and Edward Walters
Download Report (1.26 MB pdf)

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Residents of the riverine areas in Bangladesh's Gaibandha District suffer from annual and periodic severe flooding, which can be lead to prolonged displacement from their homes. Oxfam facilitated a Pre-Crisis Market Analysis in May 2016 to identify if alternatives to in-kind distributions of hygiene and sanitation materials were possible or appropriate, to build recommendations into contingency planning to improve preparedness and to mitigate the impact of regular crises.The report recommends that essential WASH NFIs should be distributed via restricted digital value vouchers redeemable at Fulchhari Market, with the exception of chlorine tablets, which should be distributed in kind. Relief actors should consider providing cash grants to traders for restocking if the anticipated need exceeds what they are able to restock themselves. The value of the voucher should be established at the WASH Cluster level through the development of a WASH NFI "basket." Meanwhile, any post-emergency sanitation interventions should aim to link beneficiaries to existing sanitation marketing programs rather than providing in-kind provision of hardware. They should further work with SanMarts to develop low-cost, flood-appropriate options for latrines. In areas where no sanitation marketing or micro-finance options exist, relief actors should aim to provide sanitation materials through the local market.

Report authors: 
Tom Wildman
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Supplementary data sets for the 2016 PCMA in Harare looking at the water, sanitation and hygiene NFI market systems with respect to recurrent waterborne disease outbreaks in Harare. Practitioners should consult this document and authors for data sets in relation to WASH infrastructure, GIS locations and price mapping for specific services and commodities to reduce analysis duplication.

Report authors: 
Parvin Ngala
Download Report (1.02 MB pdf)

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