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Key documents to help you understand and plan for PCMAs. For templates of specific documents such as questionnaires and TORs, see the relevant links on the templates page.

Grand Gedeh County
April, 2011

Since early March 2011, at least 57,000 refugees fleeing fighting and instability in Côte d’Ivoire have been crossing the border into Liberia and have become concentrated along the border and the main road in Grand Gedeh County. In the affected villages, already-limited food and seed stocks are being depleted, meaning that without assistance many farmers will not be able to plant in time for the next harvest. Oxfam undertook a market assessment of the rice and agricultural labor markets to define the most appropriate response and modalities to address emergency needs. The report offers the following recommendations: for vulnerable small farmers,a combination of rice vouchers, a once-off cash grant and seeds and tools package for targeted households; for refugees, a combined approach of in-kind distribution and cash transfers to allow them to meet their basic needs and support their livelihoods through investing in small income generating activities; and for refugees who want or have already started to farm, an additional distribution of seeds and tools. In addition, assessments of the imported rice and agricultural labor markets should be replicated in other areas affected by the refugee influx; the imported rice and agricultural labor markets should be monitored in order to evaluate the impact of the humanitarian assistance and adapt the response accordingly; and market value chain assessments should be extended to other key commodities such as seeds, hygiene items and other food items.

Report authors: 
Nanthilde Kamara, Emily Henderson
Download Report (1.42 MB pdf)

Osh city, Aravan district and Jalal-Abad oblast
July, 2010

In June 2010, the Central Asian state of Kyrgyzstan experienced ethnic violence and rapid displacement in the southern districts bordering Uzbekistan following the ousting of the country's president in April. This EMMA assessment focused on early recovery needs for four selected critical markets, including wheat flour, and the impact of humanitarian aid to date on the local market. Following the June crisis, the wheat flour market has suffered several broken linkages, price spikes, and shortages of stock that are concerning for the near future. This report recommends the following humanitarian responses: (1) cash distributions to the most affected farmers; (2) development of a public information system for crops and markets; (3) vouchers for bakers, retailers and/or vulnerable households; (4) cash for work for farmers to clear irrigation and other farm systems, and crews to clean up markets and businesses; and (5) advocacy for the Kyrgyz government to purchase a certain volume of wheat from farmers.

Report authors: 
Benjamin Barrows, Eugenia Gusev
Download Report (846.46 KB pdf)
As increasing numbers of humanitarian organizations are experimenting with mobile data collection (MDC) in their assessments, it's worth considering what role, if any, MDC should play in emergency market assessments like EMMA. Using MDC tools can virtually eliminate the need for data entry and facilitate analysis, though they take more time and thought to develop and test than do paper questionnaires. The purpose of these tools is to improve the speed and quality of field-level data collection by eliminating the need to compile paper questionnaires, decipher handwriting and transcribe a...
To date, PCMA training workshops have only been conducted with teams who had gathered to carry out an actual PCMA assessment. Though there is no fixed curriculum for PCMA workshops, there is a great deal of overlap with the material covered during an EMMA training. Indeed, most training materials used to date have simply been adapted from existing EMMA materials.
This training is designed to prepare humanitarian practitioners from any sector or department to participate in an EMMA assessment. It can be and has often been conducted as a standalone training, which typically involves three-and-a-half days of classroom training and a day-and-a-half of practical field exercises; however, it has been found to be more effective when combined with an actual EMMA assessment exercise.
This short course is for people who want a better understanding of EMMA and emergency market analysis in general but who don't necessarily have the time, or the mandate, to participate in an actual market assessment. It may be useful for decision makers, such as country directors, donor representatives, technical coordinators and cluster leads, among others. It also may be useful for people who might like to participate in an assessment team but don't know much about the subject matter.
EMMA is a set of tools and guidance notes that encourages and assists front-line humanitarian staff in sudden-onset emergencies to better understand, accommodate, and make use of market systems. It does not offer a simplistic blue-print for action. However, EMMA does provide accessible, relevant guidance to staff who are not already specialists in market analysis. The EMMA Toolkit is available for free download from this website in English, French and Spanish. French and English versions of the EMMA toolkit are also available from Practical Action Publishing. Hard copies come with a heavy-...