In June 2010, the Central Asian state of Kyrgyzstan experienced ethnic violence and rapid displacement in the southern districts bordering Uzbekistan following the ousting of the country's president in April. This EMMA assessment focused on early recovery needs for four selected critical markets, including early potatoes, which represent an important source of food and income for farmers in low-lying areas of Osh and Jalal-Abad oblasts. The crisis in Kyrgyzstan has severely disrupted the early potato market system's functioning. This report recommends the following direct interventions: cash transfers to the most affected farmers, subsidized transportation linking farms and markets, vouchers for retailers to purchase from middlemen, cash for work for farmers to clear irrigation and other farm systems and crews to clean up markets and businesses. In addition, this report recommends the following indirect interventions: providing information about crops, prices, supply and demand, technical assistance, rehabilitation of irrigation systems and advocacy with the Kyrgyz, Kazak, Uzbek and Russian governments to reopen borders for trade.