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This Emergency Market Mapping and Analysis (EMMA) was conducted by Oxfam in Bangladesh, with support from national and local partners, with funding from the Empowering Local and National Humanitarian Actors (ELNHA) programme. The haor region in north-eastern Bangladesh is a wetland ecosystem characterised by the presence of large bowlshaped floodplain depressions. Despite its fertile agricultural soils and productive fisheries, it is a region which is generally considered to have lagged behind the overall progress of national development in Bangladesh. The haor is used during the dry period for agriculture and during the rainy season (June-November, when farming fields and roads are submerged) for fishing. The haor basin is subject to extensive annual flooding. People living in the haor are physically exposed to shocks and chronically vulnerable. Livelihoods options in the haor are very limited and are extremely dependent on rainfall pattern. Sunamganj was the focus of this study, due to Oxfam and its partners’ presence in the district and the fact that it was amongst the worst affected districts by the late March/early April 2017 flash floods. Oxfam led this EMMA training and assessment to inform the short term and more long term response to a recurring shock.