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June, 2016

For over two decades, Somalia has been in a state of complex humanitarian crisis, with socio-economic, political and environmental factors leading to widespread conflict, drought, flooding and numerous other recurrent human and natural disasters. The situation has been made worse lately by increased insecurity and volatile population movements experienced since March 2014. This rise in conflict across the country, in conjunction with widespread environmental hazards, has left the majority of Somalia’s 12.3 million people chronically or acutely vulnerable. , According to UNHCR, about 4.9 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance as of September 2015, and over 1.1 million people remain internally displaced.

Over the past several months, there have been forced evictions in Mogadishu mostly in government camps which have been occupied and settled by internally displaced people. Government forces and private landlords evicted many people from those locations without providing other housing alternatives, subjecting them to join into already crowded IDPs camps in Banadir region. An estimated number of 369,000 IDPs reside in Banadir Region (UNHCR, February 2016). The “K7–K20” IDP camps is part of a protracted IDP crisis. The number of IDPs living in these camps is unclear but can be estimated between 250,000 and 300,000 persons. This includes new cases of IDPs that have been displaced during the AMISOM operation “Indian Ocean” or that have been evicted from other IDP camps in Banadir. It is estimated that more than 75% of the IDPs and refugees who live in IDPs camps are extremely vulnerable, like pregnant and lactating women, children under 5 and elderly people. They struggle to access basic services such as shelter, NFIs, food, WASH services, education and health care.

Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe (DKH), through its implementing partner Daryeel Bulsho Guud (DBG), has been supporting the basic needs of internally displaced women, men, girls and boys in Somalia since 1992. DKH through DBG is currently implementing food security project - in k7-k20 IDP camps in Mogadishu. The project is implemented through voucher mechanism (both flexible and fixed vouchers) targeting 3985 most vulnerable IDP households.
1.1. Objectives and Scope of the Study
The purpose of the market mapping and analysis was to get knowledge about the dynamics of supply streams available and operational for humanitarian response in emergencies and protracted crisis in the IDP settlements in K7-K20 in Banadir. The specific objectives of the market mapping and analysis were as follows:

1. Assess the retail shops in the target area by mapping the supplies they usually have in stock, duration of price stability, and the lead time involved in replacement of these items.
2. Assess the elasticity of commercial stocks of relief items, the market dynamics and the impact of increased demands on the prices of commodities in the process.
3. To analyse the appropriateness of the voucher program particularly in comparison to direct delivery and comparison to more traditional method of cash transfer delivery in the context of the IDP camps in Mogadishu

Report authors: 
Mohamed Korane (Lead Consultant) and Yusuf Mohamed Barre (Associate Consultant) with the support of Bashir Ali (DBG Executive Director)
Download Report (566.04 KB pdf)