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Almost seven years of violent conflict in the Lake Chad Basin region of West Africa – involving Boko Haram and military operations to counter them – has led to a devastating humanitarian crisis. Originating in northeast Nigeria, the conflict has now spread across borders into Niger, Chad and Cameroon.
The people of the Lake Chad Basin region are some of the poorest in the world. Even under normal circumstances they suffer from high levels of hunger and malnutrition. Over the last two years, the conflict has led to mass forced displacements and population movements, uprooting people from their homes and cutting them off from their livelihoods and sources of income, exacerbating an already dire situation.
This report uses the Emergency Market Mapping Analysis (EMMA) methodology combined with protection risk analysis to capture aspects of the situation in the Diffa region of Niger and to offer a view of how vulnerable populations are accessing income from the smoked fish and dried red pepper markets and the risks associated with that.