You are here

Search EMMA and PCMA reports and related case studies

Browse our library of reports and case studies by country, market system or report type. Though the PCMA approach was only formally named as such in 2014, quite a few EMMA studies from earlier years were essentially early PCMAs. The reports in this library are therefore categorized “pre-crisis” if they are focused on developing market baselines and/or preparing for anticipated crises, and they are categorized “post-crisis” if they are primarily focused on responding to a recent or ongoing emergency.

Displaying 11 - 20 of 115

Stoneridge, Hopely, Caledonia, Mabvuku-Tafarm, Dzivarasekwa, Kuwadzana
December, 2016

This report presents the summary findings of a Pre-Crisis Market Analysis (PCMA) carried out from June to September 2016 in Harare as part of a global programme funded by OFDA/USAID to understand how PCMA can be used to inform improved WASH emergency preparedness, response and resilience programming in complex urban environments. The summary seeks to pull together a city-level view of the WASH system based on the assessment, drawing out key commonalities and differences in the localities and presenting recommendations for emergency preparedness, response and resilience programming.

Report authors: 
Parvin Ngala and Katie Whitehouse
Download Report (2.27 MB pdf)

Tikapur & Rajapur areas, Karnali River Basin
December, 2016

The Global Zurich Flood Resilience Programme seeks to understand the role played by market systems in building resilience to floods. Within the project's outcome 2, “The impact of floods on market systems will be assessed, and strategies will be put in place to reduce market system vulnerability.” Specifically, this PCMA intended to explore the actual and potential roles that local and global markets have in building or undermining the resilience of the communities and to identify applicable interventions in the project areas of the Zurich Flood Resilience Programme in Nepal.

Report authors: 
Noémie de La Brosse, Al Cunningham
Download Report (1.67 MB pdf)

Country:

Language:

Report type:

AN ANALYSIS OF THE IRON SHEETING MARKET IN SOUTH AND GRAND’ANSE DEPARTMENTS
November, 2016

Hurricane Matthew struck the southern peninsula of Haiti in October 2016, killing 900 and leaving 750,000 others in need of urgent assistance. Catholic Relief Services conducted an Emergency Market Mapping and Analysis in eight communes in the South and Grand’Anse departments to assess the feasibility of a market-based shelter response. The study finds that the local market can technically meet the demand of the most vulnerable, but quality CGI is not available and the target group would not be able to afford it if it were. The report makes the following recommendations for the shelter response in Haiti: “Build Back Better” training for the targeted community;combined local and regional procurement (LRP) and conditional commodity e-vouchers (CGI and other construction inputs) with a network of midlevel wholesalers to reach the target population in a cost effective manner; in very limited cases, LRP with direct distribution of quality CGI and other construction inputs; Cash-for-Work to rehabilitate markets and access roads, and to enable entire communities to have better market access more quickly; advocating for a better business environment and coordinating with traditional and non-traditional Shelter and NFI working group participants in order to “build back better;" and price monitoring and protection mainstreaming to make sure we do no harm to people and markets.

Report authors: 
William Martin and Edward Walters
Download Report (1.26 MB pdf)

Country:

Language:

Partners:

Report type:

Residents of the riverine areas in Bangladesh's Gaibandha District suffer from annual and periodic severe flooding, which can be lead to prolonged displacement from their homes. Oxfam facilitated a Pre-Crisis Market Analysis in May 2016 to identify if alternatives to in-kind distributions of hygiene and sanitation materials were possible or appropriate, to build recommendations into contingency planning to improve preparedness and to mitigate the impact of regular crises.The report recommends that essential WASH NFIs should be distributed via restricted digital value vouchers redeemable at Fulchhari Market, with the exception of chlorine tablets, which should be distributed in kind. Relief actors should consider providing cash grants to traders for restocking if the anticipated need exceeds what they are able to restock themselves. The value of the voucher should be established at the WASH Cluster level through the development of a WASH NFI "basket." Meanwhile, any post-emergency sanitation interventions should aim to link beneficiaries to existing sanitation marketing programs rather than providing in-kind provision of hardware. They should further work with SanMarts to develop low-cost, flood-appropriate options for latrines. In areas where no sanitation marketing or micro-finance options exist, relief actors should aim to provide sanitation materials through the local market.

Report authors: 
Tom Wildman
Download Report (4.83 MB pdf)

Country:

Language:

Partners:

Report type:

Supplementary data sets for the 2016 PCMA in Harare looking at the water, sanitation and hygiene NFI market systems with respect to recurrent waterborne disease outbreaks in Harare. Practitioners should consult this document and authors for data sets in relation to WASH infrastructure, GIS locations and price mapping for specific services and commodities to reduce analysis duplication.

Report authors: 
Parvin Ngala
Download Report (1.02 MB pdf)

Kailali and Bardiya Districts, Far-western Region
September, 2016

This Pre Crisis Market Assessment (PCMA) exercise on vegetables built upon the experience gained by project and field staff during a similar assessment conducted for rice, which highlighted that vegetables are important commodities that provide households with access to cash during floods in both

Report authors: 
Bibek Shrestha
Download Report (1.92 MB pdf)

Country:

Language:

Report type:

For over two decades, Somalia has been in a state of complex humanitarian crisis, with socio-economic, political and environmental factors leading to widespread conflict, drought, flooding and numerous other recurrent human and natural disasters.

Report authors: 
Mohamed Korane (Lead Consultant) and Yusuf Mohamed Barre (Associate Consultant) with the support of Bashir Ali (DBG Executive Director)
Download Report (566.04 KB pdf)

Selected Districts, Southern and Western Provinces
May, 2016

This is an emergency market assessment of the maize grain and mixed beans markets in Zambia in districts affected by poor seasonal rains as a result of the El Nino weather system in 2015/16. The report finds that the market system has not been severely disrupted by the recent poor agricultural seasons. National production figures for cereals in particular were better than expected, and the main issue is poor market demand as households in drought affected areas have minimal financial and other resources to meet their own food needs through the market. The report examines a range of intervention options and suggests that cash transfers would be the most appropriate way to address the household resource deficit, with complementary support to market actors at the retail level in order to enable them to meet any increase in demand.

Report authors: 
Simon Foster
Download Report (1.18 MB pdf)

Country:

Language:

Report type:

Informing emergency response and preparedness ahead of the counter-offensive to recapture Mosul from ISIS
March, 2016

Mosul, Iraq’s second largest city, was captured by ISIS in June 2014 and still remains under their control. However, the Iraqi army has vowed to recapture Mosul, and the speculation is that a counter-offensive is imminent. All scenarios for this military operation have dramatic humanitarian implications. According to some estimates, between 500,000 and 1.5 million civilians could flee into either the surrounding areas or into ISIS-controlled Syria. A large influx of new internally displaced persons fleeing towards the Ninewa Plains would have an impact on markets in the area; those markets need to be understood in order to meet humanitarian needs and to inform programming in an appropriate and effective way, while doing no harm. In February 2016, Oxfam and the International Rescue Committee co-facilitated a Pre- Crisis Market Analysis to inform preparedness and emergency response interventions by understanding market systems that are critical to supporting the basic needs and livelihoods recovery needs of populations affected by displacement in the Ninewa Plains - the wheat flour, drinking water and credit market systems. This executive summary provides a condensed version of a longer report that analysed how selected market systems are performing in the current situation and aimed to forecast the impacts of the shock scenario in the target areas, before providing numerous recommendations for preparedness and emergency response measures.

Report authors: 
Emmeline Saint, with contribution from Corrie Sissons and Alexandre Gachoud (Oxfam), Rachel Rigby (Tearfund) and Emily Sloane (IRC)
Download Report (1.14 MB pdf)

Informing emergency response and preparedness ahead of the counter-offensive to recapture Mosul from ISIS, Tilkaif and Shikhan districts, Ninewa Plains
March, 2016

Mosul, Iraq’s second largest city, was captured by ISIS in June 2014 and still remains under their control. However, the Iraqi army has vowed to recapture Mosul, and the speculation is that a counter-offensive is imminent. All scenarios for this military operation have dramatic humanitarian implications. According to some estimates, between 500,000 and 1.5 million civilians could flee into either the surrounding areas or into ISIS-controlled Syria. A large influx of new internally displaced persons fleeing towards the Ninewa Plains would have an impact on markets in the area; those markets need to be understood in order to meet humanitarian needs and to inform programming in an appropriate and effective way, while doing no harm. In February 2016, Oxfam and the International Rescue Committee co-facilitated a Pre- Crisis Market Analysis to inform preparedness and emergency response interventions by understanding market systems that are critical to supporting the basic needs and livelihoods recovery needs of populations affected by displacement in the Ninewa Plains - the wheat flour, drinking water and credit market systems. The study analysed how selected market systems are performing in the current situation and aimed to forecast the impacts of the shock scenario in the target areas, before providing numerous recommendations for preparedness and emergency response measures.

Report authors: 
Emmeline Saint, with contributions from Corrie Sissons and Alexandre Gachoud (Oxfam), Rachel Rigby (Tearfund) and Emily Sloane (IRC)
Download Report (1.47 MB pdf)

Pages