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Search EMMA and PCMA reports and related case studies

Browse our library of reports and case studies by country, market system or report type. Though the PCMA approach was only formally named as such in 2014, quite a few EMMA studies from earlier years were essentially early PCMAs. The reports in this library are therefore categorized “pre-crisis” if they are focused on developing market baselines and/or preparing for anticipated crises, and they are categorized “post-crisis” if they are primarily focused on responding to a recent or ongoing emergency.

Displaying 51 - 60 of 115

Sous-préfectures de Dékoa, Kaga Bandoro et Kabo
August, 2013

De décembre 2012 à mars 2013, les régions de l’Ouham, Nana Gribizi et la Kémo dans la RCA furent occupées par la coalition de la Séléka. Toute la population de ces zones a été affectée par les violences et exactions commises. L'objectif premier de cette étude était d’identifier les réponse les plus appropriées pour des interventions de court et moyen terme suite à l'occupation de la Séléka. Le marché de l’arachide a été sélectionné comme système de marché critique pour les zones de Dékoa et Kabo, et le marché du manioc pour la zone de Kaga Bandoro. Les recommendations de cette étude étaient les suivantes: mettre à jour les résultats de l’EMMA après récolte et réaliser une EMMA sur autres spéculations clés; mettre en oeuvre un programme de CFW pour la réhabilitation des infrastructures (routes, places de marché); faire la surveillance des marchés; et fournir des services d’information sur le marché. En plus, le rapport propose plusieurs interventions avec les agriculteurs d'arachide comme groupe cible.

Report authors: 
Emmeline Saint
Download Report (1.15 MB pdf)

Sous-Préfecture de Kaga Bandoro
August, 2013

De décembre 2012 à mars 2013, les régions de l’Ouham, Nana Gribizi et la Kémo dans la RCA furent occupées par la coalition de la Séléka. Toute la population de ces zones a été affectée par les violences et exactions commises. L'objectif premier de cette étude EMMA était d’identifier les réponse les plus appropriées pour des interventions de court et moyen terme suite à l'occupation de la Séléka. Ce rapport présente les résultats de la partie de l'étude qui s’est concentrée sur la région de Kaga Bandoro en tant que zone de couverture géographique d’IRC. Il ressort de cette analyse une forte capacité de commercialisation et stockage des grands commerçants musulmans pouvant permettre de faire face à une augmentation de la demande si celle-ci été créée. Ainsi, la présente analyse recommande les réponses suivantes: Des activités de cash for work afin de générer des revenus pour les groupes cibles en dehors des périodes de travaux champêtres et ainsi pallier à leur décapitalisation précoce; Des transferts monétaires d’urgence pour les ménages vulnérables; Des transferts en espèces pour les petits commerçants afin de compenser la perte de capital liée notamment aux pillages; Une poursuite des activités de surveillance des marchés et une mise à jour des résultats de l’EMMA afin de permettre un ajustement des programmes; La diffusion des informations sur le marché aux acteurs de celui-ci, afin d’améliorer la prise de décision et le pouvoir de négociation; et A plus long terme, un support à la préparation de la prochaine campagne, pour permettre la relance des activités agricoles.

Report authors: 
Emmeline Saint
Download Report (1.63 MB pdf)

Balqa, Zarqa and Amman governorates, Jordan Valley
August, 2013

As the Syrian conflict enters its third year, the influx of refugees into neighboring countries continues to rise exponentially. In Jordan there are currently over 540,000 refugees, who are placing increasing pressure on service provision and infrastructure, including the already-strained water supply system. This EMMA assessment was planned and designed to inform an ECHO-funded project, Humanitarian Response and Assistance for People Affected by the Syrian Crisis, by analyzing water access and the water market in the pre- and post-crisis contexts, as well as during the winter and summer months in the current year. It found that, while water is available to meet the minimum needs of the targeted population, people’s access to water (particularly from May to September) depends primarily upon their purchasing power, geographic location, and water storage capacity. This report recommends supporting drinking water access through water vouchers linked to local water vendors and transporters, the provision of water filters at household level and increased water storage capacity for households as well as campaigns to promote water conservation and public health.

Report authors: 
Thomas Wildman
Download Report (958.5 KB pdf)

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Sous-Préfecture de Kabo
August, 2013

De décembre 2012 à mars 2013, la région du Centre du Nord du pays dans la RCA fut occupé par la coalition de la Séléka. Toute la population de cette zone a été affectée par les violences et exactions commises. Cette étude EMMA se rapporte à la sous-préfecture de Kabo, dans le district de l’Ouham, une zone de couverture des programmes de Solidarités International. L’objectif premier de l’EMMA était d’identifier la réponse la plus appropriée pour des interventions de court et moyen terme pour soutenir le relèvement de la population. Le rapport recommande plusieurs réponses, y compris des activités de cash for work afin de générer des revenus pour les groupes cibles en dehors des périodes de travaux champêtres et ainsi pallier à leur décapitalisation précoce; la diffusion des informations sur le marché aux acteurs; et un support à la préparation de la prochaine campagne, pour permettre la relance des activités agricoles.

Report authors: 
Emmeline Saint
Download Report (1.82 MB pdf)

Incessant rain in the upper Himalayas in mid-June 2013 resulted in a series of cloudburst, landslides, and floods in northern India, with the biggest impacts in Uttarakhand State. Landslides and flash floods led to damaged roads, collapsed bridges, huge loss of life and property, as well as numbers of pilgrims stranded at famous shrine areas. Christian Aid's emergency response team carried out this EMMA assessment of the rice and tourism market systems in the two worst-affected districts of Uttarakhand shortly after the crisis to help shape its immediate response strategies. Both market systems were severely affected by the floods due to both supply and demand side constraints. This EMMA recommends a combination of cash transfers to affected households to ensure access to food items, cash or food for work programs to help rebuild essential infrastructure, identifying and addressing key blockages in supply chains, further development of agriculture, livestock-based and alternative livelihoods strategies for area households and the improvement of early warning prediction and communication systems.

Report authors: 
Yeeshu Shukla, Shakeb Nabi, Apar Paudyal
Download Report (1.46 MB pdf)

Mukuru Informal Settlements
June, 2013

In the second half of 2011, Kenya witnessed one of the worst droughts in the recent past, which was exacerbated by high inflation, rising fuel prices and a weakened economy. Though poor households in Nairobi's informal settlements are vulnerable during emergencies, they are often ignored by the government and relief agencies. Oxfam conducted this market baseline assessment to identify the crisis' impacts on the maize, water and credit markets. To help ensure adequate maize consumption by vulnerable households, this assessment suggests cash grants for small shops, posho mills and food vendors, cooked food vouchers for vulnerable households, cash grants for very poor households (with in-kind food aid as a fallback) and advocacy for social protection programming and increased transparency regarding maize market activity. For the water market system, the report recommends increasing the water supply, improving household-level water storage, improving household purchasing power, creating more CBOs, pressuring NWSC to enforce its rules and regulations, offering cash grants and vouchers, water tankering, providing water treatment options and constructing pipelines from boreholes to water vendors. For the credit market system, this assessment recommends advocating for safety nets and ID registration for poor households, linking with institutions that could provide grants for the poor, promoting savings groups and providing cash grants to poor households and small traders.

Report authors: 
Not specified
Download Report (922.59 KB pdf)

The number of Syrian refugees in Lebanon is expected to exceed one million by the end of 2013. Tensions between host and refugee populations are expected to rise as competition over jobs and resources becomes even more important to the survival of both communities. This EMMA assessment was launched to analyze the key market systems upon which refugees and vulnerable host communities rely for income in the North and Bekaa Governorates of Lebanon in order to identify opportunities for humanitarian agencies to promote market-based income-earning possibilities for host and refugee populations. The conflict in Syria and subsequent influx of refugees into Lebanon have had significant impacts on local agricultural labor markets. This assessment recommends linking WFP's food voucher program to local farmers; providing alternative income sources through market strengthening cash for work activities; providing support to small farmers in accessing agricultural inputs; and conducting further research into the feasibility of supporting household-level food processing.

Report authors: 
Not specified
Download Report (1.43 MB pdf)

North and Bekaa
April, 2013

The number of Syrian refugees in Lebanon is expected to exceed one million by the end of 2013. Tensions between host and refugee populations are expected to rise as competition over jobs and resources becomes even more important to the survival of both communities. This EMMA assessment was launched to analyze the key market systems upon which refugees and vulnerable host communities rely for income in the North and Bekaa Governorates of Lebanon in order to identify opportunities for humanitarian agencies to promote market-based income-earning possibilities for host and refugee populations. This report focuses specifically on construction labor and finds that this market system has been drastically impacted by the crisis in Syria and that construction-related income-earning opportunities are now very limited. It recommends building construction-related livelihood opportunities into humanitarian programs, particularly shelter and rehabilitation programs with construction components. It also suggests linking refugees and Lebanese workers with employment services and training.

Report authors: 
Not specified
Download Report (1.7 MB pdf)

The number of Syrian refugees in Lebanon is expected to exceed one million by the end of 2013. Tensions between host and refugee populations are expected to rise as competition over jobs and resources becomes even more important to the survival of both communities. This EMMA assessment was launched to analyze the key market systems upon which refugees and vulnerable host communities rely for income in the North and Bekaa Governorates of Lebanon in order to identify opportunities for humanitarian agencies to promote market-based income-earning possibilities for host and refugee populations. This report provides a summary of the findings for three market systems that are critical for refugee and Lebanese host communities as source of income, namely construction labor, agricultural labor, and service-sector labor. The opportunities for promoting or strengthening livelihoods related to the construction, services, or agricultural labor sectors are very limited. Each of these sectors has been significantly impacted by the crisis in Syria and is not capable of absorbing additional workers at a livable wage. Despite this bleak outlook, the EMMA makes several recommendations for narrowing the household income gap through vocational training, market-smart humanitarian programs, household financial assistance programs and the strengthening of local labor markets.

Report authors: 
Not specified
Download Report (530.24 KB pdf)

Depuis Avril 2012, la situation sécuritaire au Nord Kivu s’est détériorée, et plus de 360,000 personnes ont fui leurs villages, amenant le nombre total de personnes déplacées à 914,000 dans la province. Ces déplacements ont engendré des épidémies de cholera, de l’insécurité alimentaire et ont poussé des réfugiés au dehors de frontières en Ouganda et au Rwanda. L’objectif de cette étude EMMA était de constituer une baseline des données de marchés du mais et du haricot et de déterminer si les conditions de marché sont réunies pour la mise en oeuvre d’une opération de cash and voucher dans la région. L’enquête conclut à la faisabilité de transferts monétaires sur Goma, Sake et Rubaya où les marchés sont dynamiques et le réapprovisionnement des commerçants ne pose pas de problème en toute période. Pour les autres zones, les transferts monétaires ne sont pas envisageables à l’heure actuelle, faute de capacité des marchés à répondre à la demande accrue que créerait un transfert monétaire et faute de la présence d’institutions financières pouvant assurer les transferts.

Report authors: 
Marie Boulinaud, Nicola Pin
Download Report (1.66 MB pdf)

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