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This report presents the summary findings of a Pre-Crisis Market Analysis (PCMA) carried out from June to September 2016 in Harare as part of a global programme funded by OFDA/USAID to understand how PCMA can be used to inform improved WASH emergency preparedness, response and resilience programming in complex urban environments. The summary seeks to pull together a city-level view of the WASH system based on the assessment, drawing out key commonalities and differences in the localities and presenting recommendations for emergency preparedness, response and resilience programming.
At the city and district levels, various proposals are made, both market-integrated and not, that if adopted can contribute significantly to risk reduction and facilitate better response in the event of a disease outbreak. Recommendations have been made for programmes in areas of sustained water supply, access to safe water, safe disposal of human waste and proper hygiene practice. The report proposes long-term interventions that address chronic WASH issues in addition to advocacy to help improve how emergency response is undertaken and to ensure that the response mechanisms do not compromise future WASH programming. These proposals will be reviewed by the sector, including the Harare City Council and WASH Emergency Strategic Advisory Group (ESAG), to prioritize and develop contingency plans for implementation.