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As a part of its National Humanitarian Capacity Building for Urban Risk Management, Oxfam organized a five-day EMMA training intended to enhance the capacity of WaSH actors in Nepal to design and implement market-based interventions during future emergencies, particularly earthquakes. The training included practical research on the baseline drinking water market system in two IDP camps near Kathmandu that was intended to inform earthquake preparedness activities; in this sense, the study was more a PCMMA than an EMMA. This report documents both the training that took place and the market-related findings and does not follow the standard format for an EMMA or PCMMA report.
Recommendations were made for each of the IDP camps visited during the training. For the Lalitpur IDP camp, recommendations for disaster preparedness include working with KUKL to map the existing pipe network in the Kathmandu Valley and conduct an earthquake impact assessment, conserving and improving Lalitpur spring sources through cash grants and technical support and forming standby/framework agreements for water treatment, jerry cans, buckets and tankering companies. Post-emergency recommendations include distributing water storage containers after emergency, tankering of chlorinated water into camp tanks and repairing damaged water supply sources and infrastructure.
For the Kirtipur IDP camp, recommendations were focused on strengthening the water market system and protecting water sources, and include GIS mapping of road network ,existing pipelines and water sources, training on emergency WaSH to KUKL and private tankers, support in the development of an emergency WaSH plan for KUKL and private tankers, fencing for the protection of existing spring water sources, awareness raising through mass campaigning and supporting DMC for the retrofitting of community water tanks.